Nine out of 10 GP practices struggle to find cover as GP shortage worsens, warns survey

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A new BMA survey of 2,814 GP practices in England has found that almost nine out of 10 struggle to find locum cover to plug staffing gaps and that a similar number regularly need temporary GPs to staff their services.

And the South is the worst effected area.

GP leaders have warned this is more evidence of the incredible strain on GP services which has left general practice struggling to provide effective care to patients.

Key findings in the survey include:

Almost half of GP practices (46 per cent) report they have trouble finding locum cover “frequently” with a further four in ten (40 per cent) saying they “occasionally” have issues.

Only one in 10 GP practices in England indicated they did not require locum cover at all.

The South and South West are the worst affected areas, with around six out of ten (61 per cent and 57 per cent respectively) saying they frequently have problems finding locum cover.

The South West (5 per cent) and the West Midlands (6 per cent) had the lowest numbers of GP practices saying they never needed locum cover.

The findings follow recent BMA surveys that showed the enormous pressures on general practice, with half of GP practices reporting their services had deteriorated in the last 12 months1 and 300 GP practices claiming they were close to closure.

Dr Chaand Nagpaul, BMA GP committee chair, said: “These results show that many GP practices are struggling to find cover to plug the staffing gaps they face and that the vast majority are having to rely routinely on temporary cover.

“The need for locums can be generated by illness, maternity leave or other factors in the workforce and GP locums do an outstanding job of stepping in to provide care to patients at short notice. But increasingly GP practices are facing longer term vacancies because of the recruitment crisis gripping general practice.

“If a GP locum cannot be found in these situations many practices struggle to offer enough appointments to meet their patients’ needs. Last year more than 600 GP trainee places were unfilled3, while more than a third of GPs are estimated to be considering retirement in the next five years2. This comes at a time when many GP practices are buckling under the pressure of rising patient demand, stagnating funding and unresourced work being moved from hospitals into the community.

“In this climate, it is clear there are no longer enough GP locums to cover the widening gaps in the GP workforce. This is undoubtedly adding to the incredible pressure on GP services which has left it in a state of emergency and struggling to provide even basic care to patients.

“The government needs to begin addressing this crisis and deliver its promised support package for general practice. We need a long term, well financed plan to prevent GP services from collapsing.”

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